Bundala National Park is located at a short distance from Yala National Park in the semi arid zone of the Southern province of Sri Lanka with an area of 6,216 hectares. The park consist a mix of thorny scrub lands, salt pans, marshes, brackish lagoons, dry mixed ever green forests, dry grass lands and sand dunes bordering the coastal area of the south east region of the island. Though the park was initially established as a sanctuary, it was later declared as a RAMSAR wetland in 1990.
The park consists of a wide range of bio diversity for the eco tourists around the world with a variety of grasses and scrubs. The climate in the Bundala Park is highly seasonal with an average annual rainfall from 900 to 1,300 mm from the Northeast monsoons ranging from December to February. The area experiences a prolong drought from May to October with a mean annual temperature of 27 degrees.
The beach bordering the Bundala National Park is an important nesting site for turtles while the lagoon holds a wide range of birds and crocodiles. Being a well known region for birdlife and migratory species, the Bundala Park includes endemic birds like Brown-capped Babbler, Ceylon Woodshrike, Ceylon Junglefowl and migrant birds like Sandplovers, Sandpiper and Phalarope. The park also provides shelter for mammals such as elephant, spotted deer, hanuman langur, jackal, hare, mangoose and wild pig also found in the region.